A Guide to the Ellen M. Bozman Papers, 1961-2004 Bozman, Ellen M., Papers RG 333

A Guide to the Ellen M. Bozman Papers, 1961-2004

A Collection in Arlington Public Library, Center for Local History

Collection number RG 333


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Arlington Public Library, Center for Local History

Arlington Public Library, Center for Local History
1015 N. Quincy Street
Arlington, VA 22201
(703) 228-5966
Email: localhistory@arlingtonva.us
URL: https://library.arlingtonva.us/center-for-local-history/

© 2018 Arlington Public Library, Center for Local History

Heather Crocetto

Repository
Arlington Public Library, Center for Local History
Collection number
RG 333
Title
Ellen M. Bozman Papers, 1961-2004
Extent
8 boxes.
Creator
Bozman, Ellen M., 1925-2009
Language
English

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research.

Use Restrictions

There are no restrictions.

Preferred Citation

Ellen M. Bozman Papers, Collection # RG 333, Arlington Public Library, Center for Local History

Acquisition Information

Gift of William Bozman in 2009 and Martha Bozman, March 2018.

Biographical/Historical Information

Ellen M. Bozman, a community activist and politician for Arlington County, guided Arlington as it transitioned from a suburban to urban community during the latter half of the 20th century. Though perhaps most well-known as the longest serving Arlington County Board member (1974-1997), Bozman's civic influence extended beyond her tenure as a board member through participation in various community organizations and governmental bodies.

Bozman's work prior to the County Board is associated with human relations and planning. As part of the League of Women Voters, Bozman conducted educational programs to assist with the integration of the public school system in Arlington in the 1950s. Later, as a member of the Community Relations Committee in the 1960s, which researched and reported on acts of discrimination to the Arlington County Board, she investigated County hiring practices of African-Americans and pushed for the adaption of non-discriminatory policies. As part of the County's Planning Commission from 1971-1973, Bozman focused on ways to revitalize Clarendon, Arlington's major commercial center at the time, which was soon to be disrupted by the coming Metrorail. Before running for the County Board, Bozman gained other leadership experience chairing Arlington's Health and Welfare Council, the Committee of 100, and serving as President of the Church Council of the Rock Spring Congregational Church.

Bozman ran for the County Board in 1973 as an Independent candidate, though she was backed by the local Democratic party. She ran on a platform that promoted controlled growth, especially around new Metro corridors, opposition to Interstate 66 in favor of other mass-transit options, maintaining neighborhoods, increasing park and recreational space, and providing new services to retired and elderly residents. She captured more than fifty percent of the vote in a three-way race, becoming the first woman elected to the County Board since 1958. Bozman won all of her subsequent elections. She ran as an Independent candidate in every race except for her last election in 1993, during which she ran as a Democrat. She served as chairman of the County Board in 1976, 1983, 1984, 1989, 1992, and 1997.

As a board member, Bozman was known for advocating for improving child care, such as starting extended-day programs at schools, providing services to elderly residents (including getting the first nursing homes built in Arlington), and advocating for tenant rights and affordable housing. She was instrumental in bringing the Metrorail through Arlington, including fighting to keep costs down for Arlington residents. Her careful eye and knack for planning ensured that Metro corridors between Rosslyn and Ballston were developed with plenty of high-rise buildings containing retail, living, and office space. However, she made sure other areas of Arlington remained full of parks, recreation areas, and single-family dwellings. Bozman also instituted the first farmers market in the county at Arlington Courthouse, and Neighborhood Day, an annual countywide block party to celebrate the diverse neighborhoods Arlington offers.
As a board member and citizen, Bozman held leadership or membership roles in numerous local organizations.

Known commissions, groups, and organizations she was a part of are listed below in alphabetical order. Approximate dates and positions held are included, if known:

Alliance for Housing Solutions
--Founder
Arlington Community Foundation
--President, 2002
--Chairwoman of Board of Directors, 2003
Arlington County Planning Commission (1971-1973)
--Chairman, Clarendon Center Committee
Arlington Health and Welfare Council, Chairman (1967-1969)
Arlington Health Center Commission
Arlington Symphony
--President, 2001
Committee of One Hundred, Chairman (1970-1971)
Community Appearance Alliance
Governor's Advisory Council on Local Government (1976-1978, 1982-1985)
Health and Welfare Council of National Capital Area (1967-1971)
League of Women Voters, 1960s/1970s
--President: 1963-1965
--Development Committee: 1971
Metropolitan Air Quality Committee, Chair (1993)
Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments
--Board of Directors: 1975-1978, 1984
--Human Relations Committee: 1979-1985 (Chair, 1981-1983)
--Chairman: 1988-1989
Northern Virginia Planning District Commission (1974-1982)
 -Chairman: 1975-1977 Northern Virginia Potomac River Basin Committee (1989, 1993)
Northern Virginia Regional Park Authority (1963-1967)
Northern Virginia Transportation Commission (1978-1993, Chairman-1983, 1991)
Rock Springs United Church of Christ, President of Church Council, (1971-1973)
Veterans Branch YMCA
Virginia Association of Counties, Executive Board (1974-1979, 1984-1992)
Virginia Home Care Alliance
Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority, member

In 2017, the Arlington County Board voted to rename the county building at 2100 Clarendon Boulevard at Courthouse Plaza the Ellen M. Bozman Government Center to honor Bozman's 24 years of service to the County Board.

Bozman was born in Springfield, Illinois, as Ellen McConnell in 1925. She graduated from Northwestern University in 1946 with a degree in political science. After graduating, she moved to Washington, D.C, later working in the U.S. Bureau of Budget from 1947-1952. She married William M. Bozman. She died on January 8, 2009 in Arlington, Virginia at age eighty-three.

Scope and Content

This collection spans approximately three linear feet and contains materials covering the dates 1960-2003. The bulk of the materials date from the late 1970s to early 1990s. The documents and photographs within the collection offer a glimpse of Bozman's incredibly active civic life in Arlington County. A vast majority of the materials cover Bozman's six campaigns for the Arlington County Board, which include campaign binders that contain campaign literature, precinct operations information, letters to voters, press schedules, opposition research, speeches, and the like. The collection also features a large collection of press clippings from newspapers and various newsletters in Northern Virginia and Washington, D.C. that detail Bozman's duties and public life as an Arlington County Board member. There are smaller collections of Bozman's speeches (given before, during, and after her service on the County Board), a selection of her working papers as a County Board member and prior service on the Community Relations Committee, and correspondence. Lastly, the collection contains a small number of photographs that all primarily depict Bozman at events as a County Board member, though some after retirement depict her on vacation with her husband or at other community events.

Arrangement

This collection is divided into eight series based on type of material or subject matter. When possible, original file names from the accretions have been preserved in quotes (" ") and additions to titles from the archivist have been included in brackets ([ ]) where clarification was needed.

Series 1 covers Bozman's campaigns for the Arlington County Board. It is divided into six subseries, one for each campaign (1973, 1977, 1981, 1985, 1989, 1993), to help researchers find relevant materials. It reflects Bozman's original organizational schema of filing her campaign materials by year. For additional press coverage during campaigns and elections, researchers may find Series 6 of use (see below).

Series 2 contains Bozman's speeches, written statements, and remarks. Series 3 holds the few working files we have from Bozman's civic career before the County Board. Series 4 has Bozman's remaining working files from her tenure on the County Board. To aid the researcher, this series has been divided into four subseries based on subject matter: Human Services; Development, Planning, and Parks; Financial; and Other/Assorted.

All the above series maintain original order. The archivist decided to construct Series 5 (correspondence), Series 6 (press), Series 7 (photographs), and Series 8 (subject files) to help the researcher find appropriate materials. The large majority of these materials originally were loose and mixed together in large manila envelopes (except for the "Good Complaints" file in Series 5, "Washingtonian of the Year" file in Series 6, and the "Photographs" file in Series 7). Many of these envelopes were labeled with just the approximate year the materials enclosed dated from (i.e. "1976"). Many of these contained mostly newspaper clippings, some of which were labeled "Press, 1976" etc. Any correspondence or other supplemental materials that referenced clippings, press appearances, or other instances of Bozman in the media were kept in the Press series.

Series 5 and Series 6 are arranged chronologically. Series 6 is divided into two subseries, one for clippings, which includes articles from local newspapers, newsletters and government publications Bozman is featured in, as well as any correspondence that referenced a specific newspaper article. The second subseries of Series 6 contains materials on the awards Bozman won, which includes clippings, certificates, and letters of congratulations. All newspaper clippings in Series 6 (and the rest of the collection) have been photocopied and the originals thrown away for preservation purposes. Series 7 contains approximately sixty photographs. Series 8 contains miscellaneous materials that did not fit well into any other series.

Related Material

Since Bozman was such an active figure in Arlington County, many other collections in the Center for Local History holdings might be useful to researchers. For those interested in her campaigns, RG 26, Campaign Literature may contain more publicity materials featuring Bozman during each election, plus many of the materials of her opposing candidates. RG 94 Arlingtonians for a Better County or RG 31 Miscellaneous Records of Non-Partisan Political Organizations , which includes more records from the ABC may shed light on Bozman's political campaigns, since she was endorsed by the ABC in all elections.

Additionally, researchers may find the collections of some of the groups Bozman was active in helpful, such as RG 44 League of Women Voters , RG 54 Arlington Symphony (partially-processed as of 2018), RG 130 Arlington County Planning Commission , and RG 336 Committee of 100 (unprocessed as of 2018).

Lastly, a number of collections can help researchers uncover more about Bozman's career on the County Board, including RG 58 Arlington County Government Publications and RG 172 Arlington County Board (in-process as of 2018). Collections related to issues Bozman testified on and worked toward as a County Board Member, such as RG 37 Metropolitan Washington Airports , RG 39 Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority , or RG 43 I-66 , may be of use.

Index Terms

    Subjects:

  • Arlington (Va.)
  • Arlington County (Va.)
  • Arlington County (Va.) -- Politics and government.
  • Bozman, Ellen M., 1925-2009
  • Women -- United States.

Significant Places Associated With the Collection

  • Arlington (Va.)
  • Arlington County (Va.)

Contents List

Series 1: Arlington County Board Campaigns
  • Subseries 1: 1973 Campaign
    • Box 1
      File 1: Elect Ellen Bozman Campaign Literature, 1973
    • Box 1
      File 2: Arlington Resident Survey on County Services, n.d.
    • Box 1
      File 3: Other Campaign Literature (Democratic Party and Opposition Henry Lampe), 1973
  • Subseries 2: 1977 Campaign
    • Box 1
      File 1: Campaign Binder, 1977
    • Box 1
      File 2: Issues Binder, 1977
    • Box 1
      File 3: "Additional Materials," such as speeches, clippings, memos, and issues.
    • Box 1
      File 4: Campaign Statistics, Metro Information Sheet, support from Latino and African American communities, and other additional information, 1977
    • Box 1
      File 5: Bozman Campaign Literature, 1977
    • Box 1
      File 6: Virginia and Arlington Republican and Democratic Candidates campaign literature, 1977
    • Box 1
      File 7: Correspondence with Voters, 1977
    • Box 1
      File 8: Personal Correspondence, 1977
    • Box 1
      File 9: "Ellen Bozman VII" Campaign literature, press schedule, and issues statements, 1977
    • Box 1
      File 10: Speeches and Remarks (Before Civic Federation and A-WTOP interview), 1977
  • Subseries 3: 1981 Campaign
    • Box 1
      File 1: Campaign Binder, 1981
    • Box 1
      File 2: Issues Papers: Human Services, METRO, Taxes, Housing/Development, and Environment, 1981
    • Box 1
      File 3: Campaign Statements, 1981
    • Box 1
      File 4: Remarks before ABC Endorsing Convention, 1981
    • Box 1
      File 5: Press Releases, 1981
    • Box 1
      File 6: Campaign Correspondence with Voters, 1981
    • Box 1
      File 7: Personal Correspondence, 1981
    • Box 1
      File 8: Fundraising Events, 1981
    • Box 1
      File 9: Precinct Operations and Volunteer Instructions, 1981
    • Box 1
      File 10: Campaign Literature, Republican and Democratic candidates, 1981
  • Subseries 4: 1985 Campaign
    • Box 2
      File 1: Campaign Binder, 1985 (1)
    • Box 2
      File 2: Campaign Binder, 1985 , continued(2)
    • Box 2
      File 3: Precinct Operations Notebook, 1985
    • Box 2
      File 4: Speeches, 1985
    • Box 2
      File 5: Re-elect Ellen Bozman Campaign Literature, 1985
  • Subseries 5: 1989 Campaign
    • Box 2
      File 1: Campaign Binder, 1989 (1)
    • Box 2
      File 2: Campaign Binder, 1989 , continued (2)
    • Box 2
      File 3: "Financial Reports," Campaign Contributions and Expenditures, 1989
    • Box 2
      File 4: Bozman Campaign List, 1989
    • Box 2
      File 5: Campaign "Strategy," including Precinct Operations, Get out the Vote campaign, and opposition, 1989
    • Box 2
      File 6: "Questionnaires," 1989
    • Box 2
      File 7: Jim "Robinson" Opposition Research, 1989
    • Box 2
      File 8: Re-election Announcements, 1989
    • Box 2
      File 9: Campaign "Publicity," 1989
    • Box 2
      File 10: Campaign Literature, 1989
  • Subseries 6: 1993 Campaign
    • Box 3
      File 1: Campaign Binder, 1993
Series 2: Speeches
  • Box 3
    File 1: "Speeches-Pre-C.B. [County Board]", including for League of Women Voters, Rock Spring Ladies' Guild, Arlington Health and Welfare Council, 1961, 1963, 1965, 1967-1972 , n.d.
  • Box 3
    File 2: "Speeches [and letters to the editor]-EMB [Ellen M. Bozman]-1970s", 1974-1979
  • Box 3
    File 3: "Statement, County Manager Firing," 1981
  • Box 3
    File 4: "Speeches-Slide Presentations," on Arlington Development and the Elderly, 1986 , n.d.
  • Box 3
    File 5: Speeches, Statements, and Remarks to Civic Federation and County Board on Growth and Development, 1985, 1989 , n.d.
  • Box 3
    File 6: Remarks at ABC Convention, 1984
  • Box 3
    File 7: "Speeches, 1997-1998," 2003, 2004
  • Box 3
    File 8: "Sympathy Speeches" and letters-Anna Barber, Beth Ritchie Sundquist, Theda Henle, Joan McCracken, and Jim Hunter, 1982, 2003 , n.d.
  • Box 3
    File 9: "January 1 Speeches"/New Year Speeches before County Board, 1976, 1979, 1980, 1982-1984, 1986, 1988-1991, 1993-1995
  • Box 3
    File 10: "Speeches-Memorials"-Pat Rowland, Kathryn Stone, Sophie R. Dales, Beth Sundquist, 1990, 1993, 1995 , n.d.
Series 3: Professional Materials - Pre-County Board
  • Box 3
    File 1: "Election Results," Arlington County and other campaign materials, 1964-1974
  • Box 3
    File 2: "Community Relations" Committee, 1965-1966
  • Box 3
    File 3: "Hate Groups" [White Supremacists in Virginia Politics], 1963, 1965 , n.d.
Series 4: County Board Materials
  • Subseries 1: Human Services
    • Box 4
      File 1: "Child Care" Ordinance, 1968-1975 (1)
    • Box 4
      File 2: "Child Care" Ordinance, 1968-1975 (2)
    • Box 4
      File 3: "Crime," 1989
  • Subseries 2: Development, Planning, and Parks
    • Box 4
      File 1: Virginia Square-Clarendon, 1981
    • Box 4
      File 2: Potomac "Palisades: County Reports and Action," 1990-1991
    • Box 4
      File 3: Potomac "Palisades-Geology," n.d.
    • Box 4
      File 4: Potomac Palisades: Robert "Gray Property (Hillcrest)" Townhomes, North Highlands Neighborhood, 1988, 1991
    • Box 4
      File 5: Potomac Palisades: "Archaeological-Historic Resources and Preservation" in Potomac Palisades, including Fort C.F. Smith, Hendry House, Dawson-Bailey House, and Jacobs Tract, 1983, 1987-1990
    • Box 4
      File 6: "Park Acquisition/Plans" History and George Washington Memorial Parkway, 1939, 1957, 1971, 1988
    • Box 4
      File 7: Rosslyn Ballston Corridor, 1988
    • Box 4
      File 8: "Land Use," 1988-1989
    • Box 4
      File 9: "Bozman-NVBIA, Northern Virginia Building Industry Association," 1989 , n.d.
    • Box 4
      File 10: Central Library Planning, n.d.
  • Subseries 3: Financial
    • Box 5
      File 1: "Budget/Fiscal" County Board, 1982-1990
    • Box 5
      File 2: "Savings," FY 1986-FY 1990 Budget," 1989
  • Subseries 4: Other/Assorted
    • Box 5
      File 1: Good Ideas Campaign, 1989
    • Box 5
      File 2: "Resignation and Court Case," 1977-1978
    • Box 5
      File 3: County "'87 Issues" stances and split vote tracking, 1981-1989
    • Box 5
      File 4: "Legal Opinions" on County Board election issues and other board matters, 1989
    • Box 5
      File 5: 1974, 1975, 1978, 1979, 1983
    • Box 5
      File 6: Contributions to the Ellen Bozman Defense Fund, 1978
    • Box 5
      File 7: Clerk's Notes of Proceedings, County Board Meeting, June 28, 1975
Series 5: Correspondence
  • Box 5
    File 1: 1974-1979
  • Box 5
    File 2: 1980-1982, 1987-1989
  • Box 5
    File 3: "Good Complaints," 1989
  • Box 5
    File 4: 1990, 1992, 1993
Series 6: Press
  • Subseries 1: Newspaper Clippings and Newsletters
    • Box 5
      File 1: "Press-Clarendon," 1973
    • Box 5
      File 2: "1973 Press-Bozman Clips," 1973 , n.d.
    • Box 5
      File 3: "1974 + '73 Election," 1971, 1973-1974
    • Box 5
      File 4: "Press 1974 + '75," 1974, 1975 , n.d.
    • Box 6
      File 5: "Press-1976," 1976, 1977 , n.d.
    • Box 6
      File 6: "Press 1977," 1976-1977 , n.d.
    • Box 6
      File 7: "Campaign '77," Press, 1977 , n.d.
    • Box 6
      File 8: "Republican Majority," Press, 1978 , n.d.
    • Box 6
      File 9: "1nd Term 1978," Press, 1977-1978 , n.d.
    • Box 6
      File 10: "1979 Press," 1979 , n.d.
    • Box 6
      File 11: "Press, 1980," 1979, 1980 , n.d.
    • Box 6
      File 12: "Press, 1981," 1980, 1981 , n.d.
    • Box 6
      File 13: "1981 Campaign," Press, 1981 , n.d.
    • Box 6
      File 14: "1982 Press," 1981-1983 , n.d.
    • Box 6
      File 15: "1987 Press," 1987 , n.d.
    • Box 6
      File 16: "1988 Press," 1988 , n.d.
    • Box 6
      File 17: "1989" Press, 1986, 1988, 1989 , n.d.
    • Box 6
      File 18: "1990" Press, 1990 , n.d.
    • Box 6
      File 19: "1991-Press," 1991 , n.d.
    • Box 6
      File 20: "1992 Press," 1992 , n.d.
    • Box 7
      File 21: Press "1993," 1993 , n.d.
    • Box 7
      File 22: Press, 1998 , n.d.
    • Box 7
      File 23: "Press, 2001-2002," 2001-2004 , n.d.
  • Subseries 2: Awards
    • Box 7
      File 1: Assorted Certificates and Awards, 1990-1994, 1996, 1997
    • Box 7
      File 2: David Scull Award, Metropolitan Council of Governments, 1982-1983
    • Box 7
      File 3: "Washingtonian of the Year," 1986
    • Box 7
      File 4: Distinguished Local Officer Award, Virginia Chapter of American Planning Association, 1991
Series 7: Photographs
  • Box 7
    File 1: Campaign Headshot, 1973
  • Box 7
    File 2: "Pictures [1975-1976, 1981], 1984", 1988, 1989, 1993-1997 , n.d.
  • Box 7
    File 3: Assorted Photographs, 1986, 1987, 1993, 2000, 2001 , n.d.
  • Box 7
    File 4: Assorted Photographs, 1976, 1978-1981
Series 8: Subject Files
  • Box 7
    File 1: Arlington County Fire Department patch, 1986, 1990
  • Box 7
    File 2: From the desk of William H. Bozman notepad, ca. 2000
  • Box 7
    File 3: Arlington Community Foundation Stationary, ca. 2000
  • Box 7
    File 4: Inaugural Ceremonies, Richmond, Virginia Invitations and Program, 1982
  • Box 7
    File 5: National Organization for Women Membership Card, 1982
  • Box 7
    File 6: Ann Broder 50th Birthday Party, 1979
  • Box 7
    File 7: Joe Fisher Issue Papers-Abortion, Equal Rights Amendment (ERA), Hatch Act, Gun Control, 1977-1978
  • Box 7
    File 8: Certificate of Recognition, Arlingtonians for a Clean Environment, 1979
  • Box 7
    File 9: Campaign Songs, Joe Wholey Campaign, ca. 1970s
  • Box 7
    File 10: Follow Our Tracks, Opening of Metro Orange Line Program and Ribbon, 1979
  • Box 7
    File 11: Meeting with President Jimmy Carter on Civil Service Reform ticket, 1978
  • Box 7
    File 12: 1977 Inaugural Parade Tickets, 1977
  • Box 7
    File 13: Richard Angell Flagg Memorial Service Program, 1979
OVERSIZE BOX 1
  • 1985 Election Results Spreadsheet, 1985
  • Re-Elect Ellen Bozman handout for Banner Day, 1989
  • The Bozman Banner, 1981
  • The Bozman Banner, 1985
  • The Bozman Banner, 1989
  • Ellen Bozman Campaign Poster, 1977
  • League of Women Voters Election'81 Journal Guide, 1981
  • Harrington Times Campaign Literature, 1981
  • Election Certification Materials and Envelope, 1993
  • Virginia Association of Counties Arlington County Supervisor Award, 1993
  • Strong-Campbell Interest Inventory (Occupational Personality Test), University of Minnesota, ca. 1970s
  • Regional Focus newspaper, National Association of Regional Councils, May, 1980