A Guide to the Northumberland County (Va.) Commonwealth Causes, 1800, 1859, 1909 Northumberland County (Va.) Commonwealth Causes, 1800, 1859, 1909 1182759

A Guide to the Northumberland County (Va.) Commonwealth Causes, 1800, 1859, 1909

A Collection in
the Library of Virginia
Barcode number: 1182759


Library of Virginia

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© 2009 By The Library of Virginia. All Rights Reserved.

Processed by: Library of Virginia staff

The Library of Virginia
Barcode number
Northumberland County (Va.) Commonwealth Causes, 1800, 1859, 1909
Physical Characteristics
0.1 cu. ft.
Northumberland County (Va.) Circuit Court
Library of Virginia

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

There are no restrictions.

Use Restrictions

There are no restrictions.

Preferred Citation

Northumberland County (Va.) Commonwealth Causes, 1800, 1859, 1909. Local government records collection, Northumberland County Court Records. The Library of Virginia, Richmond, Va. 23219.

Acquisition Information

These items came to the Library of Virginia in shipments of court papers from Northumberland County under the accession number 43283.

Historical Information

Northumberland County probably was named for the English county. It was formed about 1645 from the district of Chickacoan, the early-seventeenth-century name for the region between the Potomac and the Rappahannock rivers.

Scope and Content

Northumberland County (Va.) Commonwealth Causes, 1800, 1859, 1909 are criminal court cases and consist primarily of warrants, summons, and indictments handed down by grand juries and other legal authorities in order to prosecute individuals who violated the penal code. These offenses ranged in severity from assault and battery to larceny.

Warrants were issued by grand juries, judges, and justices of the peace directing law enforcement officials to either arrest and imprison a person suspected of having committed a crime or to cause an individual to appear in court to answer accusations made against them. Peace warrants directing an offender to "keep the peace of the Commonwealth" or to restrain from any violent acts are commonly found in assault and battery cases.

Summonses were used to call a suspected person to appear in court. A summons could also be issued to direct witnesses or victims to come before the court in order to provide evidence or information deemed pertinent to a case.

An indictment is the official, written description of the crime that an accused individual is suspected of committing, which is approved by a grand jury and presented to a court in order to begin legal proceedings. Due to this process, indictments are often referred to as "presentments."



Related Material

Additional court records for Northumberland County can be found on microfilm at the Library of Virginia. Consult A Guide to Virginia County and City Records on Microfilm .

Additional Northumberland County Criminal Records may be found at the Northumberland County Courthouse and the Library of Virginia.

Index Terms

    Corporate Names:

  • Northumberland County (Va.) Circuit Court
  • Subjects:

  • Assault and battery -- Virginia -- Northumberland County
  • Crime -- Virginia -- Northumberland County
  • Criminals -- Virginia -- Northumbland County
  • Larceny -- Virginia -- Northumbland County
  • Geographical Names:

  • Northumberland County (Va.) -- History
  • Genre and Form Terms:

  • Indictments -- Virginia -- Northumberland County
  • Local government records -- Virginia -- Northumberland County
  • Summons -- Virginia -- Northumberland County
  • Warrants (Law) -- Virginia -- Northumberland County

Significant Places Associated With the Collection

  • Northumberland County (Va.) -- History