A Guide to the U.S. Forest Service, George Washington National Forest, Dry River District Records, 1917-1994 SC 0083

A Guide to the U.S. Forest Service, George Washington National Forest, Dry River District Records, 1917-1994 SC 0083


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Special Collections, Carrier Library, James Madison University

880 Madison Drive
MSC 1704
Harrisonburg, Virginia 22807
library-special@jmu.edu
URL: https://www.lib.jmu.edu/special/

Chris Bolgiano, March 1998

Repository
Special Collections, Carrier Library, James Madison University
Identification
SC 0083
Title
U.S. Forest Service, George Washington National Forest, Dry River District Records1917-1994
URL:
http://ead.lib.virginia.edu/vivaxtf/view?docId=jmu/vihart00043.xml
Quantity
2 Hollinger boxes 2 Hollinger boxes, twelve maps
Language
English .
Abstract
This collection consists of photographs, memos, letters, pamphlets and more, all relating to the George Washington National Park, Dry River District. Most of the materials concern the fire-fighting activities of the park, while others relate to the activities of the Civilian Conservation Corps and recreation of the park. There are also 12 maps of the Forest and several photographs included.

Administrative Information

Use Restrictions

The copyright interests in this collection have been transferred to the James Madison University Special Collections Library. For more information, contact the Special Collections Library Reference Desk (library-special@jmu.edu).

Access Restrictions

Collection is open to research. Researchers must register and agree to copyright and privacy laws before using this collection. Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the James Madison University Special Collections Library to use this collection.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], [box #, folder #], U.S. Forest Service, George Washington National Forest, Dry River District Records, 1917-1994, SC 0083, Special Collections, Carrier Library, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, VA.

Acquisition Information

Donated in February 1998 by District Ranger Stephen Parsons.

Processing Information

During initial processing, photographs were removed from box:folders 2:1-2:3 and grouped into the folder Miscellaneous Photographs. In order to streamline the process of applying collection numbers, Special Collections staff completed a large-scale renumbering campaign in the spring of 2017. This collection was previously cataloged as SC 3014.


Administrative History

The George Washington National Forest was created after the enactment of the 1891 Forest Reserve Act, which was brought in front of Congress in response to the extensive damage done to the Shenandoah Valley by farming, timber, mining, hunting, and natural devastation. In 1911, the Weeks Act passed, which allowed the federal government to purchase land to be used for preservation. In 1917, three plots of purchased land in Virginia were combined to create the Shenandoah National Forest, later renamed the George Washington National Forest. The first ever Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) camp, Camp Roosevelt, was established in the George Washington National Forest, and began work on constructing the roads, campgrounds, fire towers and more. A total of 14 camps were eventually opened in the forest. The 1960 Multiple-use Sustained-Yield Act and the 1973 Threatened and Endangered Species helped the animal and plant population thrive in the forest, and help it to become the popular recreational hotspot it is today.

Scope and Content

The U.S. Forest Service, George Washington National Forest, Dry River District Records, 1917-1994, consist of two Hollinger boxes and twelve maps. Most file materials concern the Dry River District, which currently incorporates 227,000 acres on both sides of Shenandoah Mountain from State Route 259 in the north to Lookout Mountain and State Route 728 in the south, although locations in some other districts are mentioned. Most materials concern the fire-fighting activities undertaken by employees of Shenandoah National Forest, the predecessor of the George Washington National Forest. Fighting forest arson, prevalent during the first half of the twentieth century, was at that time one of the U.S. Forest Service's foremost goals. There are also some items relevant to recreational and historical topics.

Arrangement

The collection is arranged topically in two boxes with oversize maps stored in Map Case 3:3 in flat map storage.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

  • Arson
  • Forest management -- Massanutten National Forest (Va.)
  • Recreation areas -- George Washington National Forest (Va. and W. Va.)
  • Administrative records
  • Appalachian Region, Southern -- History
  • Camp Todd (Augusta County, Va.)
  • Civilian Conservation Corps (U.S.) -- Camp Roosevelt (Va.)
  • Civilian Conservation Corps (U.S.) -- History
  • Conservation of natural resources -- History
  • Fire lookout stations -- George Washington National Forest (Va. and W. Va.)
  • Forest fires -- Detection
  • Forest fires -- George Washington National Forest (Va. and W. Va.)
  • Forest fires -- Massanutten National Forest (Va.)
  • Forest fires -- Prevention and control -- handbooks, manuals, etc
  • Forest fires -- Shenandoah National Forest (Va. and W. Va.)
  • Forest fires -- Statistics
  • Forest management -- George Washington National Forest (Va. and W. Va.)
  • Forest management -- Shenandoah National Forest (Va. and W. Va.)
  • Forests and forestry -- Environmental aspects -- United States
  • George Washington National Forest (Va. and W. Va.)
  • High Knob Fire Tower -- Shenandoah Mountain (Va. and W. Va.)
  • Letters (correspondence)
  • Lookout Mountain (Va. and W. Va.)
  • Maps (documents)
  • Massanutten Mountain (Va.)
  • Massanutten National Forest (Va.)
  • Memorandums
  • National parks and reserves -- Appalachian Region, Southern -- History
  • Photographs
  • Shenandoah Mountain (Va. and W. Va.)
  • Shenandoah National Forest (Va. and W. Va.)
  • Stribling Springs (Va.)

Bibliography

USDA Forest Service, George Washington and Jefferson National Forest. http://www.fs.usda.gov/main/gwj/learning/history-culture.

Significant Places Associated With the Collection

  • Appalachian Region, Southern -- History
  • Camp Todd (Augusta County, Va.)
  • George Washington National Forest (Va. and W. Va.)
  • Lookout Mountain (Va. and W. Va.)
  • Massanutten Mountain (Va.)
  • Massanutten National Forest (Va.)
  • Shenandoah Mountain (Va. and W. Va.)
  • Shenandoah National Forest (Va. and W. Va.)
  • Stribling Springs (Va.)

Container List

Mixed Materials box: 1 folder: 1
Standard Lookout Structure Plans
1938
Mixed Materials box: 2 folder: 1
Recreation
1917-1934
Mixed Materials box: 2 folder: 2
Camp Todd
1932-1968
Mixed Materials box: 2 folder: 3
Fire Reports
1917-1919
Mixed Materials box: 2 folder: 4
High Knob Fire Tower
1946-1994
Mixed Materials box: 2 folder: 5
Fire Warden System
1922-1957 
Mixed Materials box: 2 folder: 6
Fire Tower Specifications
1917-1990
Mixed Materials box: 2 folder: 7
Civilian Conservation Corp photographs
Mixed Materials box: 2 folder: 8
Miscellaneous photographs
Mixed Materials Map Case: 3 Drawer: 3 folder: 1
Map no. 1, Massanutten National Forest
1917
Mixed Materials Map Case: 3 Drawer: 3 folder: 1
Map no. 2, Shenandoah National Forest
1917
Mixed Materials Storage: 1 box: 1
Map no. 3, Shenandoah National Forest, oversize, with acquisition boundaries
1920
Mixed Materials Map Case: 3 Drawer: 3 folder: 1
Map no. 4, Massanutten Division, Shenandoah National Forest
1925
Mixed Materials Map Case: 3 Drawer: 3 folder: 1
Map no. 5, Shenandoah National Forest, with text for general public
1927
Mixed Materials Map Case: 3 Drawer: 3 folder: 1
Map no. 6, Shenandoah National Forest, with typed and penned text updates appended
1927
Mixed Materials Storage: 1 box: 1
Map no. 7, Shenandoah National Forest, large
1927
Mixed Materials Map Case: 3 Drawer: 3 folder: 1
Map no. 8, Shenandoah National Forest, with fire and ranger district boundaries drawn in and table of acreage
1927
Mixed Materials Map Case: 3 Drawer: 3 folder: 1
Map no. 9 Shenandoah National Forest, with approved and recommended change in boundaries drawn in and table
1927, 1932
Mixed Materials Map Case: 3 Drawer: 3 folder: 1
Map no. 10, George Washington National Forest, with text for general public
1932
Mixed Materials Map Case: 3 Drawer: 3 folder: 1
Map no. 11, George Washington National Forest, with fire and ranger district boundaries drawn in
1930s
Mixed Materials Map Case: 3 Drawer: 3 folder: 2
Map no. 12, George Washington National Forest Charcoal-Iron Furnaces
1971