A Guide to the Bishop William H. Marmion Papers 1932-1981 Marmion, William H. (Bishop) Papers. Ms1986-013

A Guide to the Bishop William H. Marmion Papers 1932-1981

A Collection in
Special Collections
Collection Number Ms1986-013


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Funding: Web version of the finding aid funded in part by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Processed by: Reagan Grimsley

Repository
Special Collections, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Collection number
Ms1986-013
Title
Bishop William H. Marmion Papers, (Ms1986-013) 1932-1981
Physical Characteristics
The Papers include booklets, church bulletins, correspondence to and from Marmion, newspaper and magazine clippings, photographs, and reports generated by the Bishop in his service to the Episcopal Church.
Location
Please note: This collection is located in off-site storage and may require 2-3 days notice for retrieval. Contact Special Collections for more information.
Language
English
Abstract
Marmion, born 1907, was Episcopal Bishop of the Diocese of Southwestern Virginia from 1954 to 1979. The papers document the forty-seven year ecclesiastical career of William H. Marmion. Included are booklets, church bulletins, correspondence to and from Marmion, newspaper and magazine clippings, photographs, and reports generated by the Bishop in his service to the Episcopal Church. Topics of interest to the researcher include Marmion's interest in the civil rights movement, education, the Viet Nam War, Race relations in South Africa, and social relations among all Episcopalians.

Administrative Information

Access

Collection is open to research

Use Restrictions

Permission to publish material from the Bishop William Marmion Papers must be obtained from Special Collections, Virginia Tech.

Preferred Citation

Bishop William H. Marmion Papers, 1932-1981, Ms1986-013, Special Collections, Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University.

Acquisition Information

Donated in 1986 by Bishop William H. Marmion of Roanoke, Virginia.

Biographical/Historical Information

Born in Houston, Texas on October 8, 1907, William H. Marmion was one of three children of Charles Gresham Marmion and Katherine Rankin Marmion. William Marmion grew up in Houston, and attended Christ Church in Houston. Graduating from Rice University in 1929, young Marmion entered the Virginia Theological Seminary, where he earned a bachelor's of divinity degree in 1932. Soon afterward, he was ordered deacon in the Episcopal Church, and on April 5, 1933 ascended to the priesthood. Starting his career in the ministry, the newly ordained priest returned to his native state, and served as Priest-in-Charge of two different churches: Taylor's St. James Church and Georgetown's Grace Church, from 1932-1935. The year 1935 was significant for another reason: William Marmion's marriage to Mabel "Blossom" Dougherty Nall on December 28, 1935.

After a brief tenure as Associate Minister of St. Mark's Church in San Antonio, Marmion received the appointment of Rector at Saint Mary's on the Highlands in Birmingham, Alabama, and occupied this position from 1938 until 1950. While in Birmingham, the Marimon's were blessed with two children, William Marmion, Jr., born on May 26, 1942, and Roger Mills Nall Marmion, born on January 19, 1944. In 1950, St. Andrew's Church in Wilmington, Delaware became his new parish, and the Rector remained until 1954. In this year William H. Marmion received a D.D. Divinity from the Virginia Theological Seminary, and later the same year was consecrated Bishop of the Diocese of Southwestern Virginia, a position he occupied until he retired in 1979.

Service to church and community punctuated the Bishop's life. Early in his career, Marmion became active in civic affairs serving in Youth Work in both Texas and Alabama. While in Birmingham, he also participated in the Department of Christian Social Relations of the Executive Council of the Diocese of Alabama, and for four years chaired the Alabama Committee on Interracial Cooperation. While at St. Andrew's, the Rector chaired the Department of Christian Education. These activities represented more than temporary assignments, for civil rights, education, and social relations among all Episcopalians remained life-longs interests.

After being consecrated Bishop in 1954, Marmion continued to focus on social issues. Opposed to unequal treatment of church members because of race and the War in Vietnam, the 1960's marked a troubled time in his career. In particular the five-year controversy (1957-1962) over the use of Hemlock Haven, a Diocesan retreat near Marion, Virginia, for biracial youth conferences proved to be a test of the Bishop's belief in equal treatment for all members of his diocese. Although at first the youth conferences were canceled due to the inability of the Diocese to come to an agreement on the terms of use, in 1963 Bishop's position prevailed, and the retreat finally hosted integrated youth conferences for young Episcopalian. The Bishop served on a number of committees that dealt with the topic of race and religion, including the Department of Christian Social Relations. Marmion also opposed American Involvement in the Vietnam Conflict, and his efforts to encourage an end to the conflict drew both support and sharp criticism from the members of his Diocese. Before retiring from his post as Bishop of Southwestern Virginia in 1979, Marmion participated in a number of church committees, including the Committee on World Relief and Interchurch Aid and the American Church Institute. He also chaired several committees, including the Church and Race Fund Committee and Long Range Planning Committee. Marmion also served on the Executive Council of the Episcopal Church from 1963-1969, and was active in establishing the Appalachian People's Service Organization, now Episcopal Appalachian Ministries, which was based in Blacksburg, Virginia before moving to Knoxville, Tennessee. After retiring as acting Bishop of the diocese, the Bishop and his wife continued to reside in Roanoke, Virginia.

Biographical Source:

Brown, Katharine. Hills of the Lord: Background of the Episcopal Church in Southwestern Virginia, 1738-1938. Roanoke, VA: The Diocese of Southwestern Virginia, 1979.

Scope and Content Information

The Bishop William Marmion Papers, comprised of forty-nine five-inch boxes, document the forty-seven year ecclesiastical career of William H. Marmion. The Papers include booklets, church bulletins, correspondence to and from Marmion, newspaper and magazine clippings, photographs, and reports generated by the Bishop in his service to the Episcopal Church.

The Marmion Papers are divided into four series. The first series, Personal Papers, is comprised of a variety of materials about the personal life of Marmion. Included in this series are photographs of the Bishop, biographical information, and newspaper clippings. Of note are a number of folders on social issues and events; examples include religion related performances such as Jesus Christ Superstar and Joseph and the Technicolor Dreamcoat. This series also includes brochures and maps on the sundry locales Marmion visited as a result of his travel to church related events.

The second series details Marmion's Early Career from 1932 until 1950. During this time Marmion served as a priest and rector in several churches in Alabama and Texas: as Priest in Charge at St. James Church in Taylor and Grace Church in Georgetown from 1932-1935, as Associate Minister of St. Mark's Church in San Antonio from 1935-1938, and as Rector of St. Mary's on the Highlands from 1938-1950. The majority of the material in this series are on issues related to the Marmion's work with the church, including his work with youth. A smaller third series covers the Bishop's tenure as Rector of St. Andrew's, Wilmington, Delaware, from 1950 through May 1954, and many of the documents in this series deal with the affairs of St. Andrew's Church.

The bulk of the Marmion Papers reside in series four, Bishop of Southwestern Virginia, 1954-1979. The series is divided into four sub-series: administrative, civil rights, international affairs, and the Vietnam War. The first sub-series, Administrative files, contains general administrative files relating to the Diocese of Southwestern Virginia and Marmion's duties in the Episcopal Church. Information includes a broad range of topics, including committee reports, diocesan reports, projects and programs undertaken by both the church and diocese, and correspondence related to the day to day operations of the diocese.

Contents of the second sub-series, Civil Rights, include brochures, correspondence, magazine articles, and newspaper articles which Marmion either collected or produced on the civil rights movement, mainly from the 1950's and 1960's. Included in this series are documents relating to the controversy over the biracial conferences at Hemlock Haven, a retreat near Marion, Virginia purchased by the diocese in 1957. While Marmion maintained the view that the youth conferences should be open to members of both races, many lay members of the diocese opposed mixed race conferences for young people, and only after five years of debate did the facility open to camps attended jointly by whites and African-Americans. The Bishop's yearly files on race relations from 1954-1965 also offer firsthand insight on the civil rights movement in the United States.

The third sub-series, International Affairs, includes correspondence and related documents detailing the Bishop's activities in overseas affairs. A large number of the folders detail companion diocese relationships with churches in Great Britain and Ecuador, and under the umbrella of this liaison Marmion made visits to both countries. Also included in this sub-series are documents that outline Marmion's opposition to apartheid in South Africa. Believing economic sanctions were key to forcing the South African government to end the racial discrimination of the apartheid system, in 1969 the Bishop chaired a committee to prevent the Episcopal Church from using banks which supported that country's government. Marmion's argument was persuasive, and the church agreed not to utilize banking firms who financed South Africa.

The fourth and smallest sub-series, Vietnam War, includes brochures, correspondence, magazine articles, and newspaper clippings on the war in Vietnam between 1964 and 1975. The Bishop advocated ending the conflict in Southeast Asia, and his participation in a public anti-war demonstration in Roanoke drew the ire of some of his parishioners. Called both communist and un-patriotic, Marmion nevertheless sought to influence the United States government to seek an end to military involvement in Vietnam.

Note to Researchers:

The major portion of the papers is original correspondence either to or from the Bishop. Although a conscious effort has been made to adhere to the original order, the choice was made to arrange the papers topically by subject to provide quicker, more succinct access to the papers. Researchers should note, however, that the original titles of the folders were maintained, and that many folders can contain a variety of information beyond the scope of the title. Related collections held by Virginia Tech include the Episcopal Diocese of Southwestern Virginia (Ms 1985-004) and the Appalachian Peoples Service Organization Records (Ms 1988-095).

Contents List

Personal Papers.

30 linear inches. (6 document boxes). Consists of brochures, maps, papers, pamphlets, and photographs related to the Bishop's personal interest in social issues, his travel, personal photographs, and information about his family.

Arranged alphabetically by subject.

  • Austin, Texas. 111, Box-Folder
  • Black Lung. 1-2, Box-folder
  • Bi-Centennial of American Independence. 1-3, Box-folder
  • Books. 1-4, Box-folder
  • Boston, Cape Cod, and Vicinity. 1-5, Box-folder
  • Boy Scouts. 1-6, Box-folder
  • Burrell Memorial Hospital. 1-7, Box-folder
  • Canada. 1-8, Box-folder
  • Career Evaluation. 1-9, Box-folder
  • Catacomb Cassette Club, The. 1-10, Box-folder
  • Cassettes. 1-11, Box-folder
  • Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions' Report to the President. 1-12, Box-folder
  • Chaplain, U.S. Senate. 1-13, Box-folder
  • Charismatic Movement. 2-1, Box-folder
  • Choir. 2-2, Box-folder
  • Chrisitian Friends: The Anti-Defamation League Bulletin. 2-3, Box-folder
  • Christmas Cards. 2-4, Box-folder
  • Church Issues. Map-case: 2-5, Box-folder
  • Civil War (U.S.). 2-6, Box-folder
  • Clergy-Laity Schism. 2-7, Box-folder
  • Comfortable Pew, The. 2-8, Box-folder
  • Communication. 2-9, Box-folder
  • Communicating the Gospel. 2-10, Box-folder
  • Confession of 1967 (Presbyterian). 2-11, Box-folder
  • Consultant to Bill Folwell, Central Florida. 2-12, Box-folder
  • Cybernetics, Automation, and the Church. Map-case: 2-13, Box-folder
  • Denominationalism. 2-14, Box-folder
  • Depression, The. 2-15, Box-folder
  • Deputy, The. 2-16, Box-folder
  • El Paso, Texas. 2-17, Box-folder
  • Energy Crisis, The. 2-18, Box-folder
  • Grounds for Encouragement. 2-19, Box-folder
  • Hurricane Camille. 2-20, Box-folder
  • General Thanksgiving, The. 2-21, Box-folder
  • Ivan Illich. 3-1, Box-folder
  • Jesus Christ Superstar. 3-2, Box-folder
  • Jesus Movement, The. 3-3, Box-folder
  • Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat. 3-4, Box-folder
  • Holy Cross Magazine. 3-5, Box-folder
  • Law. 3-6, Box-folder
  • Law and Order. 3-7, Box-folder
  • Los Angeles, California. 3-8, Box-folder
  • Maine. 3-9, Box-folder
  • Marmion Photographs. 3-10, Box-folder
  • Mandantory Sentences. 3-11, Box-folder
  • Minnis Case--The Bishop. 3-12, Box-folder
  • Mobile, Alabama. 3-13, Box-folder
  • Miscellaneous. 3-14, Box-folder
  • National Cathedral Association. 4-1, Box-folder
  • National Defense. 4-2, Box-folder
  • Necrology. 4-3, Box-folder
  • New Hampshire. 4-4, Box-folder
  • New York City. 4-5, Box-folder
  • New York State. 4-6, Box-folder
  • Occult Revival, The. 4-7, Box-folder
  • Operation Fuel. 4-8, Box-folder
  • Pari-Mutuel Gambling. 4-9, Box-folder
  • Patterson, Juan A.. Map-case: 4-10, Box-folder
  • Personal Correspondence. 4-11, Box-folder
  • Personal. 4-12, Box-folder
  • Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 4-13, Box-folder
  • Population Explosion. 4-14, Box-folder
  • Prison Reform. 4-15, Box-folder
  • Registrations. 4-16, Box-folder
  • Religion in the News. 4-17, Box-folder
  • Richmond. 4-18, Box-folder
  • Roanoke Historical Society. 4-19, Box-folder
  • Space Age, The. 4-20, Box-folder
  • Strip Mining. 5-1, Box-folder
  • Third World, The. 5-2, Box-folder
  • Tillich, Paul. 5-3, Box-folder
  • Trust Relationship, A. 5-4, Box-folder
  • Twentieth Century Theology and Theologians. 5-5, Box-folder
  • Urban Life. 5-6, Box-folder
  • United Campus Chapel. 5-7, Box-folder
  • Vermont. 5-8, Box-folder
  • Watergate. 5-9, Box-folder
  • Who's Who in America. 6-1, Box-folder
  • Wilmington, Delaware. 6-2, Box-folder
  • Witness, The. 6-2, Box-folder
  • W.S.G.N--Morning Devotion. 6-4, Box-folder
  • 1970's, The. 6-5, Box-folder
Early Career 1932-1950.

12 linear inches (3 document boxes) this series focuses on the Bishop's early career as a priest and a Rector in both Texas and at St. Mary's in the Highlands, in Birmingham, Alabama. Topics include youth work, race relations, and church calls.

  • Anti-Defamation League. 7-1, Box-folder
  • Bulletin Material. 7-2, Box-folder
  • Brotherhood of St. Andrew. 7-3, Box-folder
  • Bush, Hollis. 7-4, Box-folder
  • Call to Corpus Christi. 7-5, Box-folder
  • Calls to Washington. 7-6, Box-folder
  • Church Fire Insurance Corporation. 7-7, Box-folder
  • Church School. 7-8, Box-folder
  • Church Society for College Work. 7-9, Box-folder
  • Church World Service. 7-10, Box-folder
  • Churchways. 7-11, Box-folder
  • CIO Organizing Committee. 7-12, Box-folder
  • Cleric's Scrapbook. 8-1, Box-folder
  • Miscellaneous Clippings. 8-2, Box-folder
  • Committee for Alabama. 8-3, Box-folder
  • Committee for a Democratic Far Eastern Policy. 8-4, Box-folder
  • Community Chest. 8-5, Box-folder
  • Curate. 8-6, Box-folder
  • Division of Religious Education. 8-7, Box-folder
  • Episcopal Pacifist Fellowship. 8-8, Box-folder
  • Episcopal League for Social Action. 8-9,10, Box-folder
  • Every Member Canvass. 8-11, Box-folder
  • Fair Employment Practices Committee. 8-12, Box-folder
  • International Fellowship for Reconciliation. 8-13, Box-folder
  • Fellowship of Southern Churchmen. 8-14, Box-folder
  • Forward in Service. 8-15, 16, 17, Box-folder
  • Forward in Service. 9-1, Box-folder
  • Forward Today. 9-2, Box-folder
  • Hold. 9-3, Box-folder
  • Interparochial Institute. 9-4, Box-folder
  • Juvenile Delinquency. 9-5, Box-folder
  • Kanuga Lake Conference Center. 9-6, Box-folder
  • Letters to Congressmen. 9-7, Box-folder
  • Out of Town Bulletins. 9-8, Box-folder
  • St. Mary's Girl Club. 9-9, Box-folder
  • St. Mary's--School Teachers and Officers. 9-10, Box-folder
  • Women in Foreign Mission Fields. 9-11, Box-folder
  • Young Churchmen's Convention. 9-12, Box-folder
Rector of St. Andrews, Wilmington, Delaware 1950-1954.

10 inches (2 document boxes)Many of the documents in this series deal with the Affairs of St. Andrew's Church.

  • Bishop's Election--Diocese of Delaware. 10-1, Box-folder
  • Builders for Christ. 10-2, Box-folder
  • Building Committee. 10-3, Box-folder
  • Call to St. Andrews. 10-4, Box-folder
  • Call to St. James--Houston. 10-5, Box-folder
  • Camp Tockwogh. 10-6, Box-folder
  • Children's Work Committee. 10-7, Box-folder
  • Clericus of Delaware. 10-8, Box-folder
  • Completion of Bethlehem, The. 10-9, Box-folder
  • Department of Christian Education. 10-10, Box-folder
  • Ehart, Edward. 10-11, Box-folder
  • Ethics and Economic Life. 10-12, Box-folder
  • Diocese of Delaware--General. 10-13, Box-folder
  • Diocesan Dates. 10-14, Box-folder
  • Every Member Canvass. 10-15, 16, 17, 18, Box-folder
  • Examining Chaplains. 11-1, Box-folder
  • Family and Religion. 11-2, Box-folder
  • Feelers. 11-3, Box-folder
  • Bryan Green Mission. 11-4, Box-folder
  • Hood Conference. 11-5, Box-folder
  • Interfaith Committee. 11-6, Box-folder
  • Lent--1954. 11--7, Box-folder
  • Letters--Birmingham. 11-8, Box-folder
  • St. Andrews Alter Guild. 11-9, Box-folder
  • St. Andrews Church School. 11-10, Box-folder
  • WDEL Radio Broadcasts. 11-11, Box-folder
  • Youth of St. Andrews. 11-12, Box-folder
Bishop of Southwestern Virginia 1954-1979.

190 linear inches (38 document boxes)This series encompasses Marmion's administrative record as Bishop of the Diocese of Southwestern Virginia, as well as several topics he took interest in. Divided into four sub-series: Administration, Civil Rights, International Affair, and the Vietnam War.

  • Administrative Files.

    Contains general administrative files relating to the Diocese of Southwestern Virginia and Marmion's duties in the Episcopal Church. Information includes a broad range of topics, including committee reports, diocesan reports, projects and programs undertaken by both the church and diocese, and correspondence related to the day to day operations of the diocese

    • Academy of Parish Clergy. 12-1, Box-folder
    • Advance Fund--Memorials. 12-2, Box-folder
    • Aging. 12-3, Box-folder
    • Aging--Home for the Elderly. 12-4, Box-folder
    • Appalachia Division. 12-5,6, Box-folder
    • Architecture and Construction Committee. 12-7, Box-folder
    • Bishop's Advisory Council on Applicants for the Ministry. 12-8, 9, 10, Box-folder
    • Bishop's invitational Conference. 12-11, Box-folder
    • Bishop Marmion's Consecration. 12-12, Box-folder
    • Bishop's Nominating Committee. 13-1, Box-folder
    • Bishop's Orientation Conference. 13-2, Box-folder
    • Black Ministries Commission. 13-3, Box-folder
    • Boundary Commission. 13-4, 5, 6, 7, Box-folder
    • Boy's Home. Map-case: 13-8, Box-folder
    • Cabinet. 14-1, Box-folder
    • Campbell, Wilburn. 14-2, Box-folder
    • Cathedral (Diocese). 14-3, Box-folder
    • Central House for Deaconesses. 14-4, Box-folder
    • Certified Workers. 14-5, Box-folder
    • Chancellor. 14-6, Box-folder
    • Charismatic Movement. 14-7, Box-folder
    • Child Care Centers. 14-8, Box-folder
    • Choirmaster. 14-9, Box-folder
    • Christian Education--Auto Visual. 14-10, Box-folder
    • Christian Education--Youth Reports. 14-11, Box-folder
    • Christian Education Conference. 14-12, Box-folder
    • Christian Social Relations. 14-13,14, Box-folder
    • Christian Housing Program. 14-15, Box-folder
    • Church Life Insurance Corporation. 14-16, Box-folder
    • Church Music. 14-17, Box-folder
    • Church Periodical Club. 14-18, Box-folder
    • Church Property Committee. 14-19, Box-folder
    • Church and Society. 15-1, Box-folder
    • Church Society for College Work. 15-2, Box-folder
    • Clergy Compensation and Performance Evaluation. 15-3, Box-folder
    • Clergy--Continuing Education. 15-4, Box-folder
    • Clergy Development Committee. 15-5, Box-folder
    • Clergy Prospects. 15-6,7, Box-folder
    • Clergy--Social Security. 15-8, Box-folder
    • College of Preachers. 15-9, Box-folder
    • College Work. 15-10, Box-folder
    • Commission on Ministry. 15-11, Box-folder
    • Commission on Ministry--Minutes. 15-12, Box-folder
    • Commission on Housing and Service for the Aging and Elderly. 15-13, Box-folder
    • Committee. 15-14, Box-folder
    • Community Action. 15-15, Box-folder
    • Community of the Way of the Cross, The. 15-16, Box-folder
    • Conference for the New Ministries. 15-17, Box-folder
    • Congressional Development Office. 16-1, Box-folder
    • Congressional Development--Applicants. 16-2, Box-folder
    • Consent. 16-3, Box-folder
    • Constitution and Canons. 16-4,5, Box-folder
    • Consultation on Church Unions. 16-6,7, Box-folder
    • Consultant to Vacancies--Parishes. 16-8, Box-folder
    • Continuing Education Diocese. 16-9, Box-folder
    • Convocations--General. 17-1, Box-folder
    • Corbin Fund. 17-2, Box-folder
    • Council of the Southern Mountains. 17-3, Box-folder
    • Council. 17-4,5,6,7,8, Box-folder
    • Counseling--Clergy Families. 17-9, Box-folder
    • Craighill Memorial. 17-10, Box-folder
    • Crisis in American Life Program. 17-11, Box-folder
    • Criteria for Selecting Priorities. 17-12, Box-folder
    • Crop. 17-13, Box-folder
    • Cuttington College. 18-1, Box-folder
    • Deaf Work. 18-2, Box-folder
    • Death With Dignity. 18-3, Box-folder
    • Dees, James Parker. 18-4, Box-folder
    • Deferred Gifts Division. 18-5, Box-folder
    • Delta Ministry--Greenville, Mississippi. 18-6, Box-folder
    • Department Heads. 18-7, Box-folder
    • Dialogue. 18-8, Box-folder
    • Dickenson County Food Cooperative. 18-9, Box-folder
    • Diocesan Information. 18-10, Box-folder
    • Diocesan Library. 18-11, Box-folder
    • Diocesan Personnel File. 18-12, Box-folder
    • Diocesan Programs Funded. 18-13, Box-folder
    • Diocesan Strategy Committee. 18-14, Box-folder
    • Dissent. 18-15, Box-folder
    • Ecumenical Commission. 18-16, Box-folder
    • Ecumenical Relations. 18-17, Box-folder
    • Episcopal Church Center. 18-19, Box-folder
    • Episcopal Church Foundation. 18-20, Box-folder
    • Episcopal Church Women. 18-21, Box-folder
    • Episcopal Church Women--Triennial. 18-22, Box-folder
    • Episcopal Church Women. 18-23, Box-folder
    • Episcopal Colleges. 19-1, Box-folder
    • Episcopal Day School. 19-2,3, Box-folder
    • Episcopal Radio--TV Foundation. 19-4, Box-folder
    • Episcopal School Foundation.
    • Episcopal Society for Ministering to the Aging, INC. 19-6, Box-folder
    • Episcopal Society for Ministry in Higher Education. 19-7, Box-folder
    • Episcopalian, The. 19-8, Box-folder
    • Equal Opportunity Employment Task Force. 19-9, Box-folder
    • Evan's House. 19-10, Box-folder
    • Evangelical Education Society. 19-11, Box-folder
    • Evangelism and Renewal. 19-12, Box-folder
    • Every Member Canvass. 19-13, Box-folder
    • Executive Board. 19-14, Box-folder
    • Executive Board--Visitations. 19-15, Box-folder
    • Executive Board--Brochures. 19-16, Box-folder
    • Executive Council. 20-1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8, Box-folder
    • Faith Alive. 20-9, Box-folder
    • Finance. 20-10, Box-folder
    • Financial Appeals--Response. 20-11, Box-folder
    • Fish. 20-12, Box-folder
    • Fund for an Open Society. 21-1, Box-folder
    • Future of the Diocese, The. 21-2, Box-folder
    • General Convention. 21-3, Box-folder
    • General Convention--Additional Representatives. 21-4, Box-folder
    • General Convention--Agenda Committee. 21-5, Box-folder
    • Gneral Convention Conference--Pre-Conference. 21-6, Box-folder
    • Gifts and Bequests. 21-7, Box-folder
    • Bryan Green Preaching Mission. 21-8, Box-folder
    • Bishop William J. Gordon. 22-1, Box-folder
    • H.C. for Children. 22-2, Box-folder
    • Help-Inc--Bethany Hall, Half-way House for Women. 22-3, Box-folder
    • Captain Robert Hicks. 22-3, Box-folder
    • Historical Society of Episcopal Church. 22-5, Box-folder
    • Histographer--Council. 22-6, Box-folder
    • Histographer--Dr. Marshall Fishwick. 22-7,8, Box-folder
    • Hollins. 22-9, Box-folder
    • Hood Conference--Province of Washington. 22-10, Box-folder
    • House of Bishops. 22-11,12,13, Box-folder
    • House of Bishops. 23-1,2,3,4, Box-folder
    • House of Bishops--New Orleans, Louisiana. 23-5, Box-folder
    • House of Bishops Meeting--Pocono Manov, Pennsylvania. 23-6, Box-folder
    • Housing--Low Income. 23-7, Box-folder
    • Indian Work--National Committee. 23-8, Box-folder
    • Indian Work. 23-9, Box-folder
    • Institutional Chaplaincy. 24-1,2, Box-folder
    • Institutional Chaplaincy--Advisory Board. 24-4, Box-folder
    • Institutional Chaplaincy--Staunton Area. 24-5, Box-folder
    • Institutional Chaplaincy. 24-6, Box-folder
    • Institution for Advanced Pastoral Studies, INC. 24-7, Box-folder
    • Insurance Plan for the Diocese. 24-8, Box-folder
    • Jesus in the Church Today. 24-9, Box-folder
    • Joint Committee on Christian Citizenship. 25-1, Box-folder
    • Joint Urban Advisory Committee. 25-2, Box-folder
    • Jones, Martha DeBrey. 25-3, Box-folder
    • Lay Administration of the Chalice. 25-4, Box-folder
    • Lay Ministries Division. 25-5, Box-folder
    • Lay Reader's Information. 25-6, Box-folder
    • Lay Readers-Training. 25-7, Box-folder
    • Levels of Authority in the Church. 25-8, Box-folder
    • Life in the Spirit Commission. 25-9, Box-folder
    • Liturgical Commission of the Diocese. 25-10,11,12, Box-folder
    • Liturgical Commission of the Episcopal Church. 25-13, Box-folder
    • Liturgical Commission of the Diocese. 26-1, Box-folder
    • New Liturgy, The. 26-2, Box-folder
    • Long Range Planning Commission. 26-3, Box-folder
    • Long Range Planning and Strategy for Mission. 26-4, Box-folder
    • Marin Fund. 26-5, Box-folder
    • Marriage--Advisory Committee to the Bishop. 26-6, Box-folder
    • Marriage--Canon 18 Study. 26-7, Box-folder
    • Marriage Services. 26-8, Box-folder
    • Marriages. 26-9, Box-folder
    • Massey, Denton. 26-10, Box-folder
    • Maxwell, John. 26-11, Box-folder
    • Map of the Diocese. 26-12, Box-folder
    • Men of the Diocese. 26-13, Box-folder
    • Mid-Atlantic Career Center. 26-14, Box-folder
    • Mid-Atlantic Parish Training Program. 27-1, Box-folder
    • Mid-Winters. 27-2, Box-folder
    • Mingea Fund. 27-3, Box-folder
    • Ministry--Commission. 27-4, Box-folder
    • Lay Ministries. 27-5, Box-folder
    • Ministry Commission. 27-6, Box-folder
    • Ministry--Resort Areas. 27-7, Box-folder
    • Ministry--New Forms. 27-8, Box-folder
    • Miscellaneous--General Convention. 27-9, Box-folder
    • Missions. 27-10, Box-folder
    • Missions Department. 28-1, Box-folder
    • Missions--Diocese. 28-2,3, Box-folder
    • Missions--Outreach. 28-4, Box-folder
    • Missions--Statistical Information. 28-5, Box-folder
    • Missions--Task Force on Local Missions. 28-6, Box-folder
    • Mutual Responsiblity Presentation at Lexinton. 28-7, Box-folder
    • Mutual Responsiblity and Interdependence. 28-8, Box-folder
    • Correspondence Regarding Mutual Responsiblity and Interdependence in the Body of Christ--M.R.I.. 28-9, Box-folder
    • Reports Regarding mutual Responsiblity and Interdependence in the Body of christ. 28-10, Box-folder
    • . 28-11, Box-folder
    • Mutual Responsiblity and Interdependence--MRI Division. 29-1, Box-folder
    • Mutual Responsiblity and Interdependence--Course for Laymen. 29-2, Box-folder
    • Mutual Responsibility and Interdependence--Receiving. 29-3, Box-folder
    • National Association of Episcopal Schools. 29-4, Box-folder
    • National Committee on Tithing and Investment. 29-5, Box-folder
    • National Council on the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. 29-6, Box-folder
    • National Council of Churches--Capsule Report. 29-7, Box-folder
    • Newman, Samuel M.D.. 29-8, Box-folder
    • Non-Stipendary Ministry. 29-9, Box-folder
    • Northeast Career Center, The. 29-10, Box-folder
    • Organ Donor Program. 29-11, Box-folder
    • Parish Administration. 29-12, Box-folder
    • Pastoral Development. 30-2,3, Box-folder
    • Pathway Schools, INC. 30-4, Box-folder
    • Pension Plan--Lay Employees. 30-5, Box-folder
    • Pheobe Needles. 30-6, Box-folder
    • Peobe Needles Memorial Conference Center. 30-7, Box-folder
    • Planning Division. 30-8, Box-folder
    • Prayer Commission. 30-11, Box-folder
    • Preaching Mission Remarks. 30-12, Box-folder
    • Presiding Bishop Allen. 30-13, Box-folder
    • Promotion Department--Diocese. 31-1, Box-folder
    • Projects for Partnership. 31-2, Box-folder
    • Provincial Council. 31-3, Box-folder
    • Province III Synod. 31-4,5,6, Box-folder
    • Province III--Nominating Committe. 31-7, Box-folder
    • Province III--Bishops. 31-8, Box-folder
    • Province III. 31-9, Box-folder
    • Provincial Synod, St. Paul's Church, Richmond, VA. 31-10, Box-folder
    • Province of Washington. 31-11, Box-folder
    • Radford Colege. 32-1,2,3,4,5,6, Box-folder
    • Roanoke Area--Denominational Executives. 32-7, Box-folder
    • Resource Development. 32-8, Box-folder
    • Registrar. 32-9, Box-folder
    • Religious Situation, The. 32-10, Box-folder
    • Reorganization of Evans House Staff. 32-11, Box-folder
    • Research and Field Study. 32-12, Box-folder
    • Resolutions. 32-13, Box-folder
    • Restricted Pledges. 32-14, Box-folder
    • Retarded Children's Home. 32-15, Box-folder
    • Revolving Loans--Guidelines. 32-16, Box-folder
    • Right to Work Laws. 32-17, Box-folder
    • Thomas A. Scott Memorial. 32-18, Box-folder
    • Schismatic Movement. 32-19, Box-folder
    • Sexuality--Task Force. 32-20, Box-folder
    • Social Service. 32-21, Box-folder
    • Special Funds Grants. 32-22, Box-folder
    • Standing Committee. 33-1,2, Box-folder
    • Stewardship and Promotion. 33-3,4, Box-folder
    • southwestern Episcopal Homes. 33-5, Box-folder
    • Committee on the State of the Church. 33-6, Box-folder
    • Stuart Hall Board of Trustees. 33-7, Box-folder
    • Stuart Hall Anniversary. 33-8, Box-folder
    • . 33-9, Box-folder
    • Teaching and Education. 33-10, Box-folder
    • Total Action Against Poverty. 33-11, Box-folder
    • Town and Country Work. 33-12, Box-folder
    • United Thank Offering. 34-1,2, Box-folder
    • Virginia Education Fund. 34-4, Box-folder
    • Vacancy Consultation--Diocese. 34-5, Box-folder
    • Venture in Mission. 34-6,7, Box-folder
    • Venture in Mission--Reports. 34-8, Box-folder
    • Virginia Coalition on Nutrition--Veterans' Administration. 35-1, Box-folder
    • Viginina Committee for Public Schools. 35-2, Box-folder
    • Virginia Episcopal School. 35-3, Box-folder
    • Voluntary Plan of Christian Stewardship. 35-4, Box-folder
    • Warden's Conference. 35-5, Box-folder
    • Women Workers. 35-6, Box-folder
    • Women of the Diocese. 35-7, Box-folder
    • Worship of the Church. 35-8,9, Box-folder
    • Year of Achievement. 35-10, Box-folder
    • Youth Conference Materials. 35-11, Box-folder
  • Civil Rights.

    Contents of the second sub-series, Civil Rights, include brochures, correspondence, magazine articles, and newspaper articles which Marmion either collected or produced on the civil rights movement, mainly from the 1950's and 1960's. Included in this series are documents relating to the controversy over the biracial conferences at Hemlock Haven, a retreat near Marion, Virginia purchased by the diocese in 1957. While Marmion maintained the view that the youth conferences should be open to members of both races, many lay members of the diocese opposed mixed race conferences for young people, and only after five years of debate did the facility open to camps attended jointly by whites and African-Americans. The Bishop's yearly files on race relations from 1954-1965 also offer firsthand insight on the civil rights movement in the United States

    • Advisory Committee on Intergroup Relations. 36-1, Box-folder
    • Birmingham Bombing. 36-2, Box-folder
    • Black Manifesto. 36-3,4, Box-folder
    • Church and Race. 36-5,6, Box-folder
    • Civil Disorders. 36-7, Box-folder
    • Civil Rights. 36-8, Box-folder
    • Civil Rights Act. 36-9, Box-folder
    • Civil Rights Bill. 36-10, Box-folder
    • Civil Rights Bill. 37-1, Box-folder
    • Commission on Interracial Problems and Dating. 37-2, Box-folder
    • Committee on Church and Race. 37-3, Box-folder
    • Council. 37-4,5, Box-folder
    • Daniels, Jonathan. 37-6, Box-folder
    • Department of Christian Education. 37-7, Box-folder
    • Freedom Riders. 37-8, Box-folder
    • General Convention II. 37-9, Box-folder
    • General Convention II. 38-1,2,3,4,5, Box-folder
    • General Convention II--Bishop Marmion's Letter. 38-6, Box-folder
    • "Letter from Birmingham County Jail"--by Dr. Martin Luther King. 38-7, Box-folder
    • Gray Plan. 38-8, Box-folder
    • Hemlock Haven--Board of Governors. 39-1, Box-folder
    • Hemlock Haven. 39-2, Box-folder
    • Hemlock Haven--Board of Managers. 39-3, Box-folder
    • Hemlock Haven--Clergy Conference Dedication. 39-4, Box-folder
    • Hemlock Haven--Committee of Twenty- Four. 39-5, Box-folder
    • Hemlock Haven Contributors--Operating Budget for 1961. 39-6, Box-Folder
    • Hemlock Haven Director. 39-7, Box-folder
    • Hemlock Haven Enrollment Policy. 39-8,9,10,11, Box-folder
    • Hemlock Haven--General. 40-1,2, Box-folder
    • Hemlock Haven--Labor Day Weekend. 40-3, Box-folder
    • Hemlock Haven--Clergy Conference on Matters of Race--North Carolina Diocese. 40-4, Box-folder
    • Hemlock Haven--Policy, By Laws, Charter. 40-5, Box-folder
    • Hemlock Haven--Policies. 40-6, Box-folder
    • Hemlock Haven--Promotion. 40-7, Box-folder
    • Hemlock Haven--Special Study Committee. 40-8, Box-folder
    • Hemlock Haven Standing Committee--Diocese of Southwestern Virginia. 40-9, Box-folder
    • Hemlock Haven--Statement of Cary White. 40-10, Box-folder
    • Hemlock Haven--Task Force. 40-11,12, Box-folder
    • Hemlock Haven--Tennis Weekend. 41-1, Box-folder
    • Hemlock Haven--Youth Conference. 41-2, Box-folder
    • Lit-in Demonstrators. 41-3, Box-folder
    • March on Washington, The. 41-4, Box-folder
    • National Conference on Religion and Race. 41-5,6, Box-folder
    • National Church, 281 4th Avenue, New York, New York--General. 41-7, Box-folder
    • Pastoral Letter 1956--Answers. 41-8, Box-folder
    • Project Equality. 42-1, Box-folder
    • Race. 42-2, Box-folder
    • Race Relations. 42-3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13, Box-folder
    • Race Realtions--General. 42-14, Box-folder
    • Race Relations--General. 43-1, Box-folder
    • Race Relations Committee. 43-2, Box-folder
    • Race Relations Planning Conference. 43-3, Box-folder
    • Race Relations--The Southwestern Episcopalian. 43-4, Box-folder
    • Race Relations--Washington, D.C.. 43-5, Box-folder
    • Roanoke Conference on Interracial Cooperation. 43-6, Box-folder
    • Selma, Alabama Crisis. 43-7, Box-folder
    • The Southern Episcopalian Pastoral Letter, from Bishop Marmion on School Issues. 43-8, Box-folder
    • Southern Frontier. 43-9, Box-folder
    • Stouffer Foundation. 43-10, Box-folder
    • Teeter, John H.. 43-11, Box-folder
    • West, Francis. 43-12, Box-folder
  • International Affairs.

    The third sub-series, International Affairs, includes correspondence and related documents detailing the Bishop's activities in overseas affairs. A large number of the folders detail companion diocese relationships with churches in Great Britain and Ecuador, and under the umbrella of this liaison Marmion made visits to both countries. Also included in this sub-series are documents that outline Marmion's opposition to apartheid in South Africa. Believing economic sanctions were key to forcing the South African government to end the racial discrimination of the apartheid system, in 1969 the Bishop chaired a committee to prevent the Episcopal Church from using banks which supported that country's government. Marmion's argument was persuasive, and the church agreed not to utilize banking firms who financed South Africa.

    • Bayne, Stephen F. (Bishop). 44-1, Box-folder
    • Bradford--Companion Diocese. 44-2, Box-folder
    • Bradford Clergy Conference. 44-3, Box-folder
    • Bradford--Companion Diocese. 44-4, Box-folder
    • Bradford Tour. 44-6,7,8, Box-folder
    • Church School Missionary Offering. 44-9, Box-folder
    • Drummy, Richard. 44-10, Box-folder
    • Ecuador. 44-11,12, Box-folder
    • Ecuador. 45-1, Box-folder
    • Ecuador Accident. 45-2, Box-folder
    • Ecuador--Bishop Caceres. 45-3, Box-folder
    • Ecuador--Bishop Request. 45-4, Box-folder
    • Ecuador. 45-5, Box-folder
    • Ecuador Committee. 45-6, Box-folder
    • Ecuador. 45-7, Box-folder
    • Ecuador--Layman's Tour. 45-8, Box-folder
    • Ecuador--Lift Up Thine eyes. 45-9, Box-folder
    • Ecuador--Youth Exchange. 45-10, Box-folder
    • Guatemala--Expulsion of Bishop Frey. 45-11, Box-folder
    • Lambeth. 45-12,13,14, Box-folder
    • Lambeth Conference. 46-1,2, Box-folder
    • Lambeth 1978--Reports and Resolutions. 46-3, Box-folder
    • Middle East. 46-4, Box-folder
    • Missionaries. 46-5, Box-folder
    • Ovamboland. 46-6, Box-folder
    • Rhodesia. 46-7, Box-folder
    • Social Responsbility in Investments. 46-8, Box-folder
    • South Africa--Episcopal Churchmen. 46-9, Box-folder
    • South Africa. 46-10,11,12, Box-folder
    • South Africe. 47-1, Box-folder
    • White House Conference on International Cooperation. 47-2, Box-folder
    • World Council of Churches. 47-3, Box-folder
    • World Hunger--Diocesan Committee. 47-4, Box-folder
    • World Relief and Interchurch Aid. 47-5,6, Box-folder
  • Vietnam War.

    The fourth and smallest sub-series, Vietnam War, includes brochures, correspondence, magazine articles, and newspaper clippings on the war in Vietnam between 1964 and 1975. The Bishop advocated ending the conflict in Southeast Asia, and his participation in a public anti-war demonstration in Roanoke drew the ire of some of his parishioners. Called both communist and un-patriotic, Marmion nevertheless sought to influence the United States government to seek an end to military involvement in Vietnam

    • Clemency/Earned Re-entry. 48-1, Box-folder
    • Draft Counseling Services. 48-2, Box-folder
    • Episcopal Peace Fellowship. 48-3, Box-folder
    • International Peace Advisory Committee. 48-4, Box-folder
    • Prisoners of War. 48-5, Box-folder
    • Vietnam. 48-6, Box-folder
    • Vietnam War and the United States. 48-7, Box-folder